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中医药词汇
 · 中医词汇  · 中药词汇  · 针灸推拿词汇
针灸推拿词汇

中文

English

推拿

manipulation

埋线疗法

thread embedding therapy

新针疗法

new acupuncture therapy

一指禅推法

Pushing Manipulation with One-finger Meditation

滚法

Rolling Manipulation

揉法

Kneading Manipulation

摩法

Rubbing Manipulation

擦法

Scrubbing Manipulation

拿法

Grasping Manipulation

按法

Pressing Manipulation

平推法

Flat-pushing Manipulation

按点法

Digital-pressing Manipulation

击点法

Digital-striking Manipulation

拍法

Patting Manipulation

叩击法

Tapping Manipulation

振法

Vibrating Manipulation

搓法

Foulage Manipulation

捻法

Holding-twisting Manipulation

抖法

Shaking Manipulation

抹法

Wiping Manipulation

摇法

Rotating Manipulation

扳法

Pulling Manipulation

拔伸法

Traction and Counter-traction

五脏

five organs

六腑

six entrails

三焦

three cavities

vital energy nutriment and blood

functional power

津液

body fluid

外感

extrnal infection

六淫

six evils

内伤

emotional evil effects

七情

seven passions

negative elements

positive elements

五行

five primary elements

木生火

wood generates fire

土克水

earth destroys water

表证

dieases of the exterior

里证

diseases of the interior

寒证

diseases caused by cold

热证

diseases caused by heat

四诊

four diagnostic methods

望诊

inspection

闻诊

auscultation and olfaction

问诊

inquiry

切诊

pulse feeling and palpation

八纲

eight principles of differentiating diseases

阴阳

yin and yang

表里

the exterior and interior of the body

寒热

cold and heat

虚实

insufficiency and excessiveness

辨证施治

diagnosis and treatment

诊脉

to feel the pulse palpation

浮脉

floating pulse

沉脉

collapsing pulse

洪脉

full pulse

数脉

rapid pulse

迟脉

slow pulse

弱脉

weak pulse

涩脉

stagnant pulse

畏寒

intolerance of cold

恶寒

aversion to cold

寒热往来

alternate spells of fever and chill

壮热

strong heat

灼热

burning heat

烦热

fever with irritability and fidget

潮热

tidal fever

烦渴

fidget and thirst

神昏

loss of conscious

谵语

delirium

自然标志取穴法

measurement with natural marks

处方取穴原则

the basic principles for composition and prescription of the points

循经取穴

to select the points from the remote area

局部取穴

to select the points from the local area

邻近取穴

to select the points from the vicinity

阿是穴

"Ah shi" points

针感

acupuncture feeling

soreness

numbness

distension

heaviness

热感

sense of warmth

冷感

sense of coldness

触电感

sense of electric shock

经络感传现象

transmission of acupuncture feeling by the channels

晕针

fainting on acupuncture

滞针

sticking of the needle

弯针

bending of the needle

折针

breaking of the needle

隔蒜灸

indirect moxibustion separated by garlic slice

气功疗法

breathing exercises therapy

按摩

massage

阳维脉

Yang Wei channel

十四经穴

the points of 14 channels

经外奇穴

the extraordinary points

舒张进针法

to insert the needle by stretching the skin with finger

速刺法

method of rapid insertion of the needle

留针

retention of the needle

行针

manipulation of the needle

出针

withdrawing of the needle

得气

getting the Qi (or the feeling) of acupuncture

补泻法

method of reinforcement and reduction

提插补泻

to reinforce (or reduce) by lifting and thrusting the needle

捻转

rotating the needle

捻转补泻

to reinforce or reduce by rotating the needle

开阖补泻

reinforcing or reducing by closing or enlarging the acupuncture hole

平补平泻

normal reinforcement and normal reduction

腧穴定位与取穴

location and measurement of point

同身寸法

identical unit or proportional unit of the body

指寸法

finger-length measurement

中指同身寸法

middle finger identical unit

拇指同身寸法

thumb identical unit

骨度法

bone-length measurement

项强

rigid neck

抽筋

spasms of muscle

胸闷

oppressed feeling in the chest

痰咳

produtive cough

干咳

dry cough

短气

shortness of breath

少气

asthenic breathing

喘促

dyspnea and tachypnea

痰鸣

asthma caused by excessive phlegm

寒痰

cold phlehm

虚热

fever due to deficiency

五心烦热

heat sensation in chest, palmes and soles

阴虚发热

fever due to deficiency of yin

健忘

amnesia

多梦

dreaminess

盗汗

night sweat

自汗

spontaneous perspiration

气虚自汗

spontaneous sweating due to deficiency of vital energy

阳虚自汗

spontaneous sweating due to deficiency of yang

阴虚盗汗

night sweat due to deficiency of yin

头重

heaviness of the head

口噤

trismus

失语

aphasia

麻木

numbness

昏厥

fainting spell

手足厥冷

cold limbs

口苦

bitterness in the mouth

口臭

halitosis

恶心

nausea

反胃

regurgitation

朝食暮吐

vomiting in the evening what was eaten in the morning

噎嗝

dysphagia

呃逆

hiccup

吞酸

acid regurgitation

嗳气

belching eructation

嗳腐

belching with fetid odour

伤食

indigestion caused by improper diet or overeating

便溏

loose stool

下痢清谷

diarrhea with fluid stool containing undigested food

痞块

mass in the abdomen

鼻衄

epistaxis

便血

rectum bleeding

小便频数

frequent urination

小便失禁

incontinence of urine

腰酸

sour in the loins

腰痛

lumbago

手三阴经

3 Yin channels of hand

手太阴肺经

the lung channel of hand Tai Yin

手少阴心经

the heart channel of hand Shao Yin

手厥阴心包经

the pericardium channel of hand Jue Yin

手三阳经

3 Yang channels of hand

手太阳小肠经

the small intestine channel of hand Tai Yang

手阳明大肠经

the large intestine channel of hand Yang Ming

手少阳三焦经

the San Jiao channel of hand Shao Yang

足三阴经

3 Yin channels of foot

足太阴脾经

the spleen channel of foot Tai Yin

足少阴肾经

the kidney channel of foot Shao Yin

足厥阴肝经

the liver channel of foot Jue Yin

足三阳经

3 Yang channels of foot

足少阳胆经

the gall bladder channel of foot Shao Yang

足太阳膀胱经

the urinary bladder channel of foot Tai Yang

足阳明胃经

the stomach channel of foot Yang Ming

奇经八脉

8 extraordinary channels

督脉

Du channel

任脉

Ren channel

冲脉

Chong channel

带脉

Dai channel

阴跷脉

Yin Chiao channel

阳跷脉

Yang Chiao channel

阴维脉

Yin Wei channel

艾条

moxa stick; moxa roll

艾柱灸

moxibustion with moxa cone

艾条灸

moxibustion with moxa roll

温和灸

warming moxibustion

雀啄灸

bird-pecking moxibustion(with moxa)

直接灸

direct moxibustion

无瘢痕灸

non-scarring moxibustion

间接灸

indirect moxibustion

隔姜灸

indirect moxibustion by placing a slice of fresh ginger between patient’s skin and moxa.

隔盐灸

indirect moxibustion by spreading a thin layer of salt between patient’s skin and moxa.

温针灸

acupuncture with warming the needle by moxa roll; or warming needle moxibustion.

拔火罐

cupping therapy

针刺麻醉

acupuncture anesthesia

穴位注射

point injection

鞘内注射

intrathecal injection

关节内注射

intra-articular injection

穴位封闭

point block

封闭疗法

block therapy

埋线疗法

catgut-embedding therapy

经络

channels (and collaterals)

腧穴

acupuncture points

十二正经

12 regular channels

梦遗

nocturnal emission

滑精

spermatorrhea

惊厥

fainting from fright

流涎

salivation

口糜

oral ulceration

元气

primordial Qi

宗气

pectoral Qi

营气

nutritive Qi

卫气

defensive Qi

气机

functioning of Qi

风邪

wind-pathogen

寒邪

cold-pathogen

暑邪

summer-heat pathogen

湿邪

damp-pathogen

燥邪

dry-pathogen

火邪

fire-pathogen

疠气

epidemic pathogenic factor

瘀血

blood stasis

正气

vital Qi

邪气

pathogenic factor

病机

pathogenesis

阴阳失调

imbalance between Yin and Yang

阴阳偏胜

relative excessiveness of Yin or Yang

阳盛则热

heat syndrome due to an excess of Yang

阴阳格拒

opposition and exclusion of Yin and Yang

阴盛格阳

Yang kept externally by Yin-excess in the interior

亡阴

Yin depletion

气虚

deficiency of Qi

气滞

stagnation of Qi

气逆

reversed flow of Qi

气陷

collapse of Qi

气闭

blockage of Qi

气脱

exhaustion of Qi

血虚

deficiency of blood

血瘀

blood stasis

血热

blood heat

气不摄血

failure of Qi to control flow of blood

气随血脱

exhaustion of Qi resulting from hemorrhage

内风

endogenous wind

心血瘀阻

stagnation of the heart-blood

肝气郁结

stagnation of the liver-Qi

肝火上炎

flaming up of the liver-fire

肝阳上亢

hyperactivity of the liver-Yang

肝风内动

up-stirring of the liver

肾气不固

unconsolidation of kidney-Qi

肾阴亏虚

deficiency of the kidney-Yin

肾阳不足

deficiency of the kidney-Yang

真热假寒证

heat syndrome with pseudo-cold symptoms

斜角刺

oblique insertion

横刺

horizontal,, insertion

点刺

prompt prick or quick pricking method

透刺

joined puncture

深刺

deep insertion

浅刺

shallow insertion

指切进针法

insertion of the needle aided with finger pressure

夹持进针法

insertion of the needle by holding needle tip with thumb and index finger of the left hand

捏撮进针法

insertion of the needle by pinching up the skin

三棱针

three-edged needle

梅花针

plum-blossom needle

七星针

seven-star needle

皮肤针

skin needle

皮内针

intradermal needle

火针

fire needle

电针

electro-acupuncture

埋针

needle-embedding

耳针

auricular acupuncture

头针

scalp acupuncture

灸法

moxibustion

一壮

one Zhuang

艾绒

moxa down; moxa wool

艾柱

moxa cone

喘症

asthma

失眠

insomnia

心悸

palptation

腹痛

abdominal pain

黄疸

jaundice

痹证

Bi syndrome

痿证

Wei syndrome

耳鸣

tinnitus

痄腮

mumps

针灸专业术语

needle

针灸

acupuncture and moxibustion

针灸科

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion

针灸医生

acupuncturist

针柄

handle of the acupuncture needle

针体

body of the acupuncture needle

针尖

tip of the acupuncture needle

一寸针

1 cun needle

半寸针

0.5 cun needle

毫针

filiform needle

针刺法

acupuncture; needle method

进针

insertion of the needle

垂直刺

perpendicular insertion

表实证

exterior syndrome of excess type

虚寒证

cold syndrome of deficiency type

未病先防

preventive treatment of disease

既病防变

control of the development of an existing disease

治病求本

treatment aiming at the primary cause of disease

正治法

routine treatment

寒者热之

treatment of cold-syndrome with hot-natured drugs

虚者补之

treatment of deficiency-syndrome by reinforcement

反治法

treatment contrary to the routine

热因热用

treatment of pseudo-heat syndrome with drugs of hot nature

塞因塞用

treatment of obstructive disease with tonic drugs

通因通用

treatment of discharging disease with purgatives

急则治其标

relieving the secondary in an urgent case

缓则治其本

removing the primary in a chronic case

标本兼治

treating the primary and the secondary aspects at the same time

扶正

supporting vital Qi

祛邪

eliminating pathogens

伤风

common cold

流行性感冒

epidemic influenza

流行性乙型脑炎

epidemic encephalitis B

流行性脑脊髓膜炎

epidemic meningitis

流行性腮腺炎

epidemic parotitis

百日咳

whooping cough

菌痢

bacillary dysentery

间日疟

tertian malaria

急性支气管炎

acute bronchitis

支气管哮喘

bronchial asthma

支气管肺炎

bronchopneumonia

肺不张

atelectasis

高血压

hypertension

心肌梗塞

myocardial infarction

心绞痛

angina pectoris

胃炎

gastritis

胃溃疡

gastric ulcer

十二指肠溃疡

duodenal ulcer

阑尾炎

appendicitis

胃下垂

gastroptosis

hemorrhoid

胆囊炎

cholecystitis

胆石症

cholelithiasis

急性胰腺炎

acute pancreatitis

癫痫

epilepsy

风湿性关节炎

rheumatic arthritis

痛经

dysmenorrhea

神经性皮炎

neurodermatitis

远视

hyperopia

近视

myopia

鼻炎

rhinitis

咽炎

pharyngitis

喉炎

laryngitis

脑溢血

cerebral hemorrhage

偏头痛

migraine

面瘫

facial paralysis

肋间神经痛

intercostal neuralgia

坐骨神经痛

sciatica

三叉神经痛

trigeminal neuralgia

神经衰弱

neurasthenia

月经不调

menstrual disorder

颈椎病

cervical spondylosis

椎间盘突出症

prolapsed intervertebral disc

网球肘

tennis elbow

腱鞘炎

tenosynovitis

胃痛

stomach ache

神经痛

neuralgia

胆绞痛

biliary colic

便秘

constipation

腹泻

diarrhea

阳萎

impotence

中风

apoplexy

 
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